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About Sinai

In Sinai, prehistoric floods, followed by centuries of wind and drifting sand, carved unusually shaped rock structures of staggering dimensions.


The Sinai is also noted for its numerous beautiful sandy beaches that stretch from El Kantara to Rafah on the east for a distance of some 210 kilometers. The main beaches in the north are El Arish, Rafah, El Khabura, between El Arish and Rafah, and Lake Bardaweel. To the south there are numerous beaches along the shores of the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba. Some of the most well-known are Ras Mohamed, Nuweiba, Dahab, and Taba.


The Sinai peninsula is home to the Bedouin, nomadic people who have roamed this land for thousands of years, using water sources (oasis) as stopping places, for light agriculture (Bedouin gardens), growing medicinal herbs, and herding goats. There are many oases in the Sinai, making it a unique desert.

Learn More • Read DiscoverSinai.net’s  South Sinai - Undiscovered guide (PDF): “A guide to the natural, cultural, and historical faces of South Sinai”. The document includes a very useful Arabic-English dictionary.

• Visit Eid’s blog, Bedouin History Desert Safari, where he and other contributors post stories, photos, news, and information about safaris, Sinai, the Bedouin, and more!

• Visit Egypt’s Biodiversity website, a joint project of several organizations. The site hosts numerous photos and excellent information about the habitats, wildlife, nature protectorates, as well as the indigenous people of Egypt, including Sinai.

• Browse articles about Sinai from Al-Ahram Weekly On-line or Egypt Today. There are stories about St. Catherine’s, Mt. Sinai, turquoise, the Bedouin, trekking, rock climbing, the Red Sea, and more.

Click map to see full-size image.

The Bedouin Tribes of Sinai - A Map